A Fishing Reel Parts- Unique and Enticing Guide 2023

It’s crucial to understand the pieces of a fishing reel and what they do while learning how to fish. Open-face spinning reels are a popular term for spinning reels. Because they are easier to handle and less prone to tangling than baitcasting reels, they are the most popular type of reel for novices.

Parts of a Fishing Reel

The most important components of a fishing reel are as follows:

  • Reel Body/Housing – One of the primary parts of the fishing reel.
  • Reel Handle- One of the most important parts of a fishing reel.
  • Reel Spool- It retains the fishing line
  • Bail- Acts as a gate for the line on the spool.
  • Drag Adjustment

Reel body

The reel body, often known as the housing, is the primary part of a fishing reel. The body of the majority of spinning reels consists of the gearbox housing, a foot that attaches to the rod, and a support arm. The majority of reel bodies are composed of graphite or aluminum. Aluminum is more durable, but it is also denser and less likely to withstand saltwater. If you’re looking for a saltwater fishing reel, graphite is a fantastic option because of its corrosion resistance.

Reel Spool

The spool is the component of a reel that retains the fishing line, and it also determines fineness and casting range. The majority of spools are composed of either the majority of spools are made of anodized aluminium or graphite (graphite is lighter while aluminum offers greater strength).

fishing reel explained

Reel Handle

One of the most significant pieces of a fishing reel is the handle. The handle must to be comfortable to hold because it is rotated by hand to bring the line back to the rod after a cast. The majority of reel handles have a circle or T-bar shape and may be handled with either hand (based on the socket which is utilized to fasten the handle to the reel body).


The bail acts as a gate for the line on the spool in a spinning reel. The fishing line cannot unwind from the spool while the bail is attached. The bail guides fishing line back onto the reel’s spool during line recovery. Line is released from the spool whenever the bail is opened, such as when casting.

Drag Adjustment

The drag adjustment knob is a standard part of a spinning reel spool. The drag adjustment knob, which resembles a dial, is usually located on the top of the spool. Learn how to adjust the drag based on the line’s breaking strength.

There are two types of fishing reels

  • Spinning
  • Baitcaster

Baitcaster and spinning reels are the most common forms of fishing reels, accounting for the vast majority of reels on the sea. To comprehend the many varieties of fishing reels, it is first necessary to comprehend how a fishing reel functions. This will assist you in choosing the ideal reel for the fishing you intend to accomplish. Although there are some differences in how a spinning reel and a baitcast reel work, most reels are made up of the following components, which we’ll go over in more detail later

Spinning reel

To begin with, the face of spinning reels is open. New anglers will find it easy to learn how to cast and operate with this design. A spinning reel is usually positioned below the rod, requiring less wrist muscle to maintain it in place. To cast a spinning reel, first flip the bail, then place your finger on the line and lock it. The reel will then be cast and the bail will be closed. After closing the bail, simply turn the handle and begin reeling the line back in.

Components of spinning reel

Parts of spinning reel

  • Handle
  • Drag Adjustment
  • Bail Arm
  • Line roller
  • Spool tension lob
  • Body
  • Anti-reverse switch


            The handle is one of the spinning reel’s most important components. When bringing the line back to the rod after casting, the handle should be comfortable to hold and smooth to the touch. Depending on how they are coupled to the sockets on the reel body, most handles can be operated with either the right or left hand.

Bass fisherman want a handle that can withstand all types of weather and rotate the spool with little effort. Although some handles include rubber grips to prevent slipping, the majority are constructed of graphite, aluminum, or another metal that can endure strain and torsion. The rod is often held in the dominant hand, and the non-dominant hand spins the handle.

Spinning reel handle

Drag Adjustment

            A typical component of the spool, particularly in spinning reels, is the drag adjustment knob. An angler can increase or reduce the amount of friction, or drag, on a line by pressing one or more buttons with his or her finger. The fish love to fight and tug the line back into the water while bass fishing, so this is very crucial.

A variety of metal washers make up the drag system, and the quantity of washers depends on the brand and technology being used. Before adjusting the drag, you should have a feel for the rod and reel combination because spinning reels have a “open-faced” (exposed, visible revolving) spool.

Bail Arm

            A unique characteristic of spinning reels that facilitates the casting mechanism is the bail. The bail reduces the backlash problem that might arise on other reel types by stopping line from freely running off the spool when the bail arm is lowered (such as the baitcaster).

The bail can be manually raised and lowered and is located anterior to the spool on the reel body. Originally formed of wire, bail arms are now thin metal parts that are affixed to the reel body. On well-designed reels, the bail arms should be easy to open and close, encounter little resistance, and be durable enough to withstand frequent use.

Line roller

At one end of the bail wire is the line roller, which is the surface that the line rolls over when you reel it in. It shouldn’t be stuck in one place; it should be free to move around. It’s simple to test this using a toothpick pressed on the roller (see photo) to determine if it turns freely. Undo the single screw or nut that keeps the roller in place if it won’t move or moves only slowly. Remove the roller, as well as the bushing or ball-bearing that it spins on.

Wipe with solvent during reassembly, allow to dry, and then lubricate with just one drop of light oil.(Budget reels will have a bushing here; higher-end ones will employ one or more ball bearings, which is much superior.)The nature of spinning reels causes some line twist. It can’t be avoided. On the other side, friction at the line roller pushes line twists into the working end of the line, increasing the possibility of tangling. That is why your roller must be able to roll. Have a look at the features and utilization of centrepin reels.

line roller spinning reel

             By acting as the line’s point of contact as it is reeled in from a cast, the line roller contributes to the overall feel of a spinning reel. All fishermen want to prevent friction, which is brought on by uneven edges and rough surfaces. Particularly if they don’t want the link to weaken or even break.

A good line roller lets the line move freely without becoming tangled. Use a toothpick to test this, according to experts. Place one against a roller and check to see if it moves freely…A line roller also aids in the elimination of line twist by driving possible twists forward toward the line’s working end. Unmaintained rollers can exacerbate the problem and make twisting a more common occurrence.

Spool tension lob

            In terms of overall significance, the spool comes in second place only to the reel handle. The reel’s main portion, where the line is held, is located here. Additionally, it’s the part that affects how well you do at catching fish. Particularly if the spool is incredibly rigid and puts too much friction on the line, which will undoubtedly cause breaking.Spools on spinning rods, like the handles and bodies, are commonly composed of graphite or aluminium. The line is braided around the axis to keep it on the spool.

It’s a good idea to understand how to do it yourself even if tackle shops commonly provide this service. Particularly if you want to change up your equipment frequently. When selecting a spool, take into account the kind, weight, and length of the line you intend to use. Large test weight lines and long distance lines may have trouble fitting on smaller spools because spools can only hold a certain amount of material. To detect if this is the case, check the reels’ specifications.


The gears, pinion, bearings, and bushes are all present in the body of the reel. Modern, high-end reels are almost invariably made of machined or cast alloys. In more cheap spinning reels, graphite and steel are more frequent. However, rigidity is the most important need. Fighting fish can cause a reel’s body to bend, which can damage the gears and other internal components. Gears stay in perfect mesh thanks to a rigid body.

Out-of-mesh gears work badly and wear out more quickly. Any flex stress on internal components, for that matter, increases wear and diminishes the reel’s peak working life. The foot, gear box housing, and support arm make up the body. Plastic, graphite, and aluminum are commonly used for bodies, with plastic being the most cost-effective but least reliable. The lightest of the three materials is graphite, whereas the strongest is aluminum.

Anti-Reverse Switch

Anti-Reverse switches, thankfully, are becoming obsolete. This system is included into spinning reels to prevent the reel from winding backward and the spool from turning backward – a crucial feature for firm striking and line management. A specialized bearing controls anti-reverse. However, it has long been standard to have a switch that allows you to disengage anti-reverse, usually on the back of the vehicle. I’ve never used it in 40 years of fishing, and it’s more of an afterthought on a modern spinning reel.

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