Different Types of Fishing Rods- Key Insights 2023

Fishing experiences can only turn out best for those who learn how to use and set fishing equipment. Although fishing lures, baits, lines, and other things play role in targeting a specified fish like bass or trout. But make sure to keep a good fishing rod with you that meets all the needs of fishing. With so many types of rods available, it’s crucial to choose the rod according to fishing spot, its style and target species. There are eight main types of rod: spinning, casting, ice fishing, fly fishing, surf casting, ultralight, trolling and telescopic rods.

The key factors to take into account while choosing a rod are the location (lakes, canals, streams, etc.), the species of fish you intend to catch, and the type of hook you are going to utilize. As you establish a hook line, you need to be aware of the many types of fishing rods. Each variety of rod is specified for a particular species, a particular region, or a particular activity. So, it is imperative that you understand more about the many types of fishing rods and how each type is employed if you want to have a flawless adventure.

Types of Fishing Rods

The eight common types of fishing rods are as follows:

  • Spinning rods
  • Casting rods
  • Ice fishing rods
  • Fly fishing rods
  • Surf casting rods
  • Ultralight rods
  • Trolling rods
  • Telescopic rods

Now we will discuss in detail how the type of fishing affects the selection of appropriate rods.

Spinning Rods

Spinning rods are available in every feasible length, taper and price are a combination of these ,and well suits to a variety of fishing applications. They are the most commonly used fishing rods and are great models for beginners. The average length is between six and seven feet for most anglers while rods with ultralight power rating are significantly shorter.

            There seems to be an endless supply of spinning rods on the market, ranging from low-cost Chinese knockoffs to rods developed with the elite tournament angler in mind. They are lightweight, elastic and adjustable.

Spinning Rod

            A spinning rod with no bends or variances that remains straight when held horizontally is an excellent place to start. A reel needs to be able to support a small weight at its tip without becoming unbalanced.

            The largest guide should be closest to the handle, with an even spacing between them. The best guides are made of titanium, and they should become smaller as they get closer to the tip of the rod.

Typical Uses

  • Spinning rods are perfect for most fishing conditions and their casting method is simple even without a lot of experience.
  • They are widely used in freshwater for casting all popular species  including bass, walleye, panfish, and trout.
  • They are also advantageous for inshore fishing.


  • Availability of various reel and rod lengths and weights.
  • Simple to fix tangles
  • Affordable
  • Simple and easy to use for beginners.
  • It is quick and simple to rig.


  • There aren’t many drawbacks to this style of rod and reel configuration.

Even if some children have difficulty using the bail system at an early age, we should teach them rapidly.

Casting Rods

When you fish in broad waters or swift-moving streams, a casting fishing rod is made to deliver the best results. The rod makes it possible to accurately place the bait on the hook, making it easier to entice the fish. You have two choices when trying to purchase casting rods, which are given below:

  • Spin Casting rods
  • Baitcasting rods

Spin Casting Rods

For use with light lines, spinning rods are frequently lighter and shorter than normal rods, with smaller guides. Place handles and guides in the proper positions to fix the reel to the rod.

Spin Casting Rod

            Spin casting rods are typically marketed to youngsters, and naive anglers, with many expert anglers considering them low-quality rods. At Fishing Pioneer, we recommend avoiding these types of rods, and we believe that they are appropriate for those children who show their interest in fishing. In addition, they are easy to use as compared to baitcasting rods.

Most Typical Use

When fishing for bass and crappies on a river or lake, a spin casting rod is the best tool for the job. They are the greatest fishing rod to begin your fishing career because they can likely handle fish up to 6 pounds in weight.


  • Super easy to use for naïve anglers.
  • The most cost-effective fishing rod available
  • Thanks to the enclosed reels for minimal tangling.


  • Fishing line capacity is limited.
  • You can’t control big fish.
  • It becomes challenging to fix tangles.

Baitcasting Rods

Baitcasting reels are the component of baitcasting rods, as the name implies. They are often heavier, longer, and stronger than other rods. More seasoned anglers utilize them and are rather adaptable.

            The fact that casting reels are made to use the strongest lines is reflected in these rods. They are available in the most popular lengths and tapers and are ideal for various fishing. The most admired type of fishing is bass fishing.


            When searching for a baitcasting rod, please ensure that there are no flaws and that its finishing point is smooth. There should be a lot of guides, but the tip weight should not be as neutralize as a spinning rod.

            You should always test any rod’s balance and weight relief by attaching any reel to it while considering it for purchase. It is also a fantastic opportunity to examine how comfortable the rod is while holding the rod if it is in use.

Typical Use Cases

The primary use of baitcasting rod is to catch predatory species that congregate on snags, such as snook, bass, barramundi, and others. Still, you can utilize them in various situations, except for large fish such as marlin tuna. They are all about being capable of casting remarkable precision and tremendous distances.


  • Accurate casting
  • Super casting distance.
  • For many species, there is a wide range of lengths and weights.


  • If a tangle occurs, opening and fixing a reel becomes difficult.
  • Difficult to use.

Ice Fishing Rods

            When fishing in icy conditions, an ice fishing rod becomes an essential gear. They are about 18-42 inches long and create light to medium action. Even though the main layout remains the same, new ice fishing rods are available in various designs. Fishers descend their baits/lures through the ice hole when ice fishing. There is no casting or covering long distances.

            These are smaller because you don’t need many lengths when hanging over a hole. In addition, many are small and sensitive, allowing anglers to detect even the slightest bites.

Ice Fishing Rod

            Anglers can choose from a modest size range to get the ideal one for their needs, even though it is extremely short. Ice rods are also constructed to resist shallow temperatures without cracking.

            When ice fishing, you should select equipment made especially for this purpose, including ice fishing basics for the angler and fishing lines appropriate for icy conditions. They can be fun when fighting a big fish under the ice.

Most Used Cases

  • You can use them for ice fishing only.


  • Powerful and elastic enough to handle large lake trout or pike.
  • Lightweight and simple to use
  • Extremely short so that you are near the ice hole.
  • Fun for toddlers to use


Fly Fishing Rod

            Fly fishing rods are concerned with casting, line control, and striking(landing a fish); they are the principal needs of fly rods. The specific casting skill required by the technique, which has the potential to be very problematic, as well as competence with extremely light lines and lures should also be considered before purchasing one.

            They have a 1:1 ratio and sit on the bottom of the rod, unlike others. Additionally, they have a far larger taper (rod flex) than spinning and baitcasting rods do. This enables the small mass (the line) to accelerate at a pace at which the lure may be thrown into the water.

Fly Fishing Rod

            Although fly fishing rods exist in a variety of weights, lengths, and material choices, they are typically between 6 and 15 feet long, with the longest being used for fishing for salmon and/or steelhead with two hands (required to help land the larger species of fish).Fly rods tend to be shorter and lighter because of the shift among fly fishers from river fishing to small streams.

            If the more difficult technique does not prevent beginners, they should know that fly fishing tackle isn’t well-suited to fishing deep. In addition, its equipment (especially rods and lines) is more costly than its spin fishing counterparts, but the fly fishing rods are often less expensive than lures.

If you are a novice but have interest in bass fishing, come to know about the best bass lures for beginners. This will surely help you in catching bass perfectly.

Most Common Used Cases

            Most commonly, fly fishing rods are connected with trout and salmon fishing; you can use them for any fishing as they come in various lengths and weights to suit every fishing condition. For every situation, there’s a fly rod, whether pursuing marlin in seawater or little brook trout in streams.


  • Learning fly fishing is an art and is quite amazing.
  • The most enjoyable method of catching a fish.
  • You can grab any fish species.
  • It recognizes you to the globe of fly tying and hatch matching.
  • It is a swift aspect of fishing with no downtime.


  • It isn’t easy to learn and takes a long time.
  • You’ll catch fewer fish as a result.
  • Casting a large distance requires a lot of practice.

Surf Casting Rods

            Surf casting rods are the most common fishing rods for use at sea. They are similar to spinning or casting rods, except they are larger and have longer grip handles.

            They are commonly used with two hands and are longer than other rod types, usually ranging between 10 and 14 feet. They’re meant to catch fish that congregate before the breaking tide, and they’re also different from other types in that they can handle a long cast.

surf Casting Rod

            Like trolling rods, they need to be sturdy and robust to manage heavy lures that can settle at the bottom of the sea, except that they are used for targeting heavier saltwater fish such as sharks and snook. As a result, beginners may struggle with these rods, especially when transitioning from river or lake fishing, which generally targets smaller fish. However, surf rods with sand spikes (rod holders) can benefit.

            A significant benefit that surf casting rods have over trolling rods is that they can be caught from the shore to catch saltwater fish instead from a boat.  Great appreciation to the added casting ability, anglers can also wander up and down the beach.

Most Used Cases

            A surf fishing rod is commonly used for sea fishing from the shoreline, but it can also be used in lakes and rivers where a long casting distance is required for catching something big like catfish or sturgeon.


  • Super tough and long-lasting
  • Strong enough to cast large fish like sharks.
  • Have the ability to cast extremely long distances.
  • Better for inshore fishing.


  • Very heavy and troublesome to use.
  • It becomes challenging to travel with.
  • Quite costly.

Bass Fishing Rods

Because bass fishing rods are so well-liked, rod manufacturers have created rods that focus on the attributes needed for particular fishing methods. They’ve created a line of goods as a consequence that appeals to both bass fishermen and those who seek virtually every other fish species. You may either use casting rods as well as spinning rods for bass fishing. But keep in mind the key considerations are rod motion and weight. The rod weight and action an experienced angler chooses depends on the baits and lures they’ll be throwing.

The power of the hook setting should also be considered. For instance, a firm rod is necessary to have a decent hook set when using soft plastics, even though a flexible rod is needed when using crankbaits or topwater lures. The bulk of bass fishing rods is made of graphite. Several high-end bass rods are made of a variety of substances, including graphite and fiberglass layers that have been precisely adjusted to create the right weight and action. Bass rods are available in such a wide variety of lengths and powers that the group frequently meets the needs of anglers hunting other kinds.

Ultralight Rods

            In some cases, newbie may require a more specialized approach to learning the art of angling. For example, ultralight rods, which are known for being smaller and lighter than other rods, are beneficial for catching more fish.

            Ultralight rods are also quite flexible in contrast to other rod types, as veterans use this rod in the 5 to 6 feet range. The rods go up to 9 feet, but the most miniature rods are up to 4 feet as they are much easier to transport, so you may also find them in the trolling and fly fishing categories.

            Apart from their reduced length, the most noticeable feature of ultralight rods is that they are used to battle fish in quite different ways. In contrast to the other rod kinds, this one is oriented upward, so catching a fish with it will tire it out rather than thrash it.

Ultra Light

            Combining this unnatural battling approach with these rods increased fragility, beginners may disregard these rods in favor of more robust options that are less prone to cause problems in the wind. Another reason this rod type may be often restricted is the time and expense of having to buy an equally light reel. However, given their popularity and range, baitcasting and spinning rod owners likely won’t have this issue.

Moreover, you can also have knowledge about the best spinning reels for saltwater.

Most Used Cases

  • They are superb for casting small panfish like trout or crappie.
  • They are perfect for fishing with light lines and small baits or lures.
  • Precise casting


  • Catching small fish is fun.
  • You can feel everything while catching a fish.
  • Great casting precision.
  • Ideal for casting small baits or lures.


  • Easily breakable.
  • Limited to small species.
  • They are not able to handle large fish.
  • You won’t be apt to cast very far.

Trolling Rods

            As the name indicates, trolling is a fishing method that involves a moving boat or vessel. This fishing technique is quite different from the others.

            Mostly, anglers employ trolling for deep sea fishing. More experienced anglers target pelagic fish such as kingfish and mackerel, and it usually requires more heavy-duty and robust tackle than spin and fly fishing.

            Logistically speaking, trolling rods can hold a wide range of lures and heavy bait depending on the selected fish. However, fishing with too light gear can be problematic because line tackle is carried through the water based on the movement of the boat provided the currents and waves of a large lake or ocean.

            Trolling rods have several features in common that are specially designed to address the issue of lightweight. First, most are quick-action, as “whippy” slow-action rods (like those used in ultralight and fly types) are incompatible with the procedure. They generally vary between 5 and 15 feet and have longer handles (usually made from foam or cork) than other rod types to provide a secure handle.


            Beginners involved in this procedure may be interested to know that bait casting rods can also be utilized for trolling purpose. They can also cast bait out in deep and shallow water, but casting rods are typically used to troll in winter when fish aren’t “spread out.” Although they are less expensive than specially built trolling rods, they may lack significant characters like roller guides (decreasing rod friction when bent) and rod cushions (preventing the risk of tearing the hook out).

            A trolling rod is specially designed to use with a trolling reel usually mounted on the top of the rod. Therefore, you will always catch the fish with the rod in your left hand and reel in your right hand compared to other rods in which you usually use your strong hand to hold the rod.

Most Common Used Cases

            Trolling rods are usually kept in a rod holder and are used for trolling lures beyond a boat in a lake, river, or ocean. As they are too short, you can not throw with them.


  • Simple to use.
  • Different weights are available for different species.
  • They are the best for what they do(trolling).


  • Used only for trolling.

Telescopic Rods

            It is easy to collapse telescopic rods to a small length or expand upward; they are the most portable rod type in the list and as easy to travel with as ultralight rods. However, as their parts are made from the same material as other standard multi-piece rods, it becomes difficult to distinguish them from casting and spinning rods, especially when seen from a small distance.

            According to the specialists, telescopic rods are good as they are pretty sturdy, incredibly flexible, and produce a consistently long cast. They also offer better fish-fighting abilities without bending the rod tip lower to the water like ultralights.

            In terms of tackle, they have the same characteristics as the other main rod types, and they can be used with both heavy or light lures and lines, based on their relative strength.


            The main drawbacks of telescopic rods are related to their primary function. You have to collapse a rod up and down correctly. When you “whip” a telescopic rod to full extension, sections will become “stuck” in place, making it challenging to collapse and transport.

           If you are a technical mind angler, you must know about the downside which is the telescopic rods limited range of “action”. A Nevertheless, it can be worth considering for beginners restricted to home or vehicle storage space.

Most Commonly Used Cases

They are ideal for taking with you when you go camping, hiking, or having in the car for those impulsive fishing moments that sometimes arise out of nowhere. But, of course, pen fishing rods are also fantastic for those opportunities.

            Furthermore, you can utilize them for river, lake, or sea fishing but don’t use them as normal spinning rods because they are not as durable. You may also visit the best fishing rods for trout if you are interested in trout fishing.


  • Easy to carry lightweight rod
  • Pack down very small for traveling.
  • Flexible for use in all environments.
  • Very economical and easy to use.


  • They have the potential to collapse at any time.
  • Not as strong as an ordinary rod.

Final Thoughts

            Thanks for reading this blog; I believe that you will find it exciting, and it will fulfill all your requirements regarding fishing rod types. Before buying a fishing rod, you should know its choosing factors (power, action, length, weight). Furthermore, you should know the sort of fishing you are going to do and which rod will suit you best. After considering all these factors, you will become able to buy the best rod for yourself. Best of luck with your fishing adventures and have a great time with it!

Frequently Asked Questions about types of Fishing Rods

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